Florence was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. Politically, economically, and culturally it was the most important city in Europe for around 250 years; from some time before 1300 until the early 1500s.
Florence is famous for its history. A centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time,Florence is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called the Athens of the Middle Ages.
It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. Due to Florence’s artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world,and the city is noted for its history, culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments.
Florence is also an important city in Italian fashion,being ranked within the top fifty fashion capitals of the world;furthermore, it is also a major national economic centre,being a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008, the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy.